Eight tax penalty tips for tax students
Understanding how HMRC tax penalties work are an essential part of both the Principles of Taxation and TPS Tax course. There’s lots of information to take in, so we’ve developed these handy tips to help you remember the key details.
You'll remember from TC PoT that there is a unified system of penalties that applies to most taxes, setting out the penalties for late notification of chargeability, late returns, late payments and incorrect returns.
Here are some hints to keep you on track with how to deal with penalties in your TPS tax studies.
1. Refresh your memory of the penalties
This handy infographic will remind you of the key tax penalties.
2. Remember your rates sheet
All the information about the various penalties is included within the rates sheet. It is important that you familiarise yourself with the format of each penalty.
3. Identify the main issue
When working with penalties, first identify the issue that gives rise to a penalty. For example, has the taxpayer or business told HMRC about income which has not been taxed? Or, have they perhaps failed to file the tax return by the statutory deadline?
4. Remember when penalties are cumulative
For the late filing penalties, it is important to remember that the penalties are cumulative. So, the initial penalty of £100 is the minimum amount which increases by the daily £10 penalty when the return is three months late and further penalties are added on each time.
5. Don’t get confused
In recent exams, we have seen that students can get mixed up over which penalty applies in which situation – ensure you are clear in your mind about which penalty applies in which situation. Remember that returns (paperwork) and payments are two separate events, even if they are happening the same day, so you may need to apply two penalties in one situation.
6. Practice makes perfect
We recommend lots of question practice on tax penalties. There are lots of workshop exercises available that contain penalties in the TPS taxation course.
7. What you learn in PoT is examinable at TPS
Don't forget that although the detail of the penalties is covered in the Principles of Taxation course, they can be (and have been) examined as part of a scenario in a TPS taxation exam. Watch out for phrases at TPS which ask for the 'taxation implications' of a particular scenario which should include any details on what penalties have or could arise.
8. Provide more than just basic information
At TPS it’s essential that you provide advice to clients on how they can avoid penalties by specifying the technical material on penalties. You should also go one step further by including specific information to your client such as the date(s) when a tax return needs to be filed or what the next key date is that will trigger the next tier of penalties.